What’s in an Education? (part 2)

What types of Schools & Colleges are out there?

There are many ways to compare and contrast schools such as the number of students, number of programs, and level of degrees offered (this is by no means exhaustive).  The first and most obvious is student body size.  Very large schools, such as a public state university (Ohio State for example) has a huge student body and usually a wide range of programs and study areas.  It’s rare to find an enormous university focused on just a few educational programs.  Likewise, the number of programs offered can be just a handful to hundreds of unique study areas.  Finally, schools differ in the types of degrees or certificates they offer.  Below are some general descriptions about different types of post-secondary schools:

  1. Large Universities and Colleges
    • Offer a broad range of courses
    • Tend to offer 4 yr or Bachelor’s degrees
    • Courses can be career focused or based on general studies
  2. Community College and Technical Schools 
    • Offer more focused range of courses
    • Tend to offer 2 yr Associates degrees or other certificate programs
    • Courses tend to be career or profession focused
    • Prepare some students to continue studies at a 4 year college
  3. Craft Schools and Specialized Training Centers 
    • These schools tend to focus on one core profession or skill set 
    • Also tend to offer 2 yr Associates degrees or other certificate programs

Each type of school has advantages and disadvantages depending on what you need from your education.  Large universities or colleges often provide a base rather than career specific .  However, in the health care and nursing industries more colleges are offering programs to help with the demand for nursing.  Community or Technical Colleges have traditionally focused of professional training that can help you get a specific job.  Likewise Craft/Technical Schools offer the similar training that allows you to go out and start working as soon as you have developed the skills & know-how of that profession.

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